Cultural Heritage

Cultural Heritage
Category Name Location Designation
Treasure No. 569-9 Calligraphy by An Jung-geun Hongik University Museum Aug 16, 1972
No. 745-1 Worin seokbo (Episodes from the Life of Sakyamuni Buddha), Volumes 1 and 2 Sogang University Loyola Library May 7, 1983
No. 1624 Calligraphy by Yang Sa-eon Sogang University Museum Jan 4, 2010
Historic Site No. 399 Historic Sites of Yanghwanaru Ferry and Jamdubong Peak, Seoul 6, Tojeong-ro (Hapjeong-dong) Nov 11, 1997
Monument No. 9 Site of Mangwonjeong Pavilion 23, Donggyo-ro 8an-gil (Hapjeong-dong) Jun 18, 1990
Folklore Cultural Heritage No. 17 Jeong Gu-jung’s House in Yonggang-dong 22, Keunumul-ro 2-gil (Yonggang-dong) Mar 17, 1977
Intangible Cultural Heritage No. 35 Bamseom Bugundang Dodanggut (Tutelary Rite of Bamseom) 145, Dongmak-ro Jan 10, 2008
Tangible Cultural Heritage No. 382 Painting Albums of the Uiryeong Nam Clan 94 Wausan-ro (Sangsu-dong) Apr 7, 2016
Registered Cultural Heritage No. 231 King Gongmin's Shrine in Changjeon-dong, Seoul 13, Dongmak-ro 21-gil (Changjeon-dong) Mar 3, 2006
No. 413 Choi Kyu-hah's House in Seogyo-dong, Seoul 10, Donggyo-ro 15-gil (Seogyo-dong) Oct 10, 2008
No. 342 Mimong (Delusion) 400, World Cup buk-ro (Sangam-dong) Sep 17, 2007
No. 343 Jayu manse (Long Live Freedom!) 400, World Cup buk-ro (Sangam-dong) Sep 17, 2007
No. 344 Geomsawa yeoseonsaeng (A Prosecutor and a Teacher) 400, World Cup buk-ro (Sangam-dong) Sep 17, 2007
No. 345 Maeumui gohyang (Home of the Heart) 400, World Cup buk-ro (Sangam-dong) Sep 17, 2007
No. 346 Piagol (Piagol Valley) 400, World Cup buk-ro (Sangam-dong) Sep 17, 2007
No. 347 Jayu buin (Madame Freedom) 400, World Cup buk-ro (Sangam-dong) Sep 17, 2007
No. 348 Sijipganeun nal (Wedding Day, a.k.a. An Auspicious Occasion for Scholar Maeng's House) 400, World Cup buk-ro (Sangam-dong) Sep 17, 2007
No. 488 Cheongchunui sipjaro (Turning Point of the Youngsters) 400, World Cup buk-ro (Sangam-dong) Feb 16, 2012
No. 528-1 Gungmun jeongni (Research Report on Korean Grammar) 35, Baekbeom-ro (Sinsu-dong) Dec 24, 2012
Others   Gwangheungdang 15, Dongmak-ro 21-gil  

Calligraphy by An Jung-geun (Treasure No. 569-9)

An Jung-geun (1879-1910) left a series of autographs during his prison life in Lushun, China, from his assassination of Ito Hirobumi (October 26, 1909) to his death on March 26, 1910. These autographs, which have different locations and owners, are together designated as a Treasure, as a group. Treasure No. 569-9 (Orobong wipil - 五老峯爲筆) is kept by Hongik University Museum.


Worin seokbo (Episodes from the Life of Sakyamuni Buddha), Volumes 1 and 2 (Treasure No. 745-1)

Seokbo sangjeol (Episodes from the Life of Sakyamuni Buddha) was translated into Korean from the Buddhist works by Grand Prince Suyang (later to become King Sejo) and published in 1446 in order to pray for the repose of Queen Soheon’s soul. Then, in 1447, King Sejong read Seokbo sangjeol and composed a paean for every two of its lines, which are collectively named Worin cheongangjigok (Songs of the Moon's Reflection on a Thousand Rivers). Worin seokbo (Episodes from the Life of Sakyamuni Buddha) is a great collection of two Buddhist Sutras, namely, Worin cheongangjigok and Seokbo sangjeol, which was published in 1459 (the fifth year of the reign of King Sejo of the Joseon Dynasty).

Worin seokbo, as Korea’s first Buddhist Sutra translated into Korean, was published around when Hunminjeongeum (The Proper Sounds for the Instruction of the People) was proclaimed. The Volumes 1 and 2 are currently kept by Sogang University in Sinsu-dong.


Calligraphy by Yang Sa-eon (Treasure No. 1624)

This calligraphy is by Yang Sa-eon (1517-1584, penname: Bongnae), a Joseon scholar-official of the mid-Joseon period who was also a calligrapher renowned for his printed style of writing and cursive script. He was also good at writing in large characters and was known as one of the four best calligraphers of the early Joseon period along with Prince Anpyeong, Kim Koo, and Han Ho. In addition, his Chinese poems including Miin byeolgok (special tune about a beautiful woman) and Namjeongga (song of south expedition) were considered to be flawless. His famous sijo (traditional three-verse Korean poem) “Soaring high though a mountain may be, / it is a mere mound beneath Heaven / Climb and climb, / and no summit cannot be reached / Yet people stay at its base / saying the mountain is too high.” is loved by people and is recited until this day. Besides, his collection of works ‘Bongnaejip’ still remains. This calligraphy is exhibited at Sogang University Museum.


Historic Sites of Yanghwanaru Ferry and Jamdubong Peak, Seoul (Historic Site No. 399)

Jamdubong Peak and Yanghwanaru Ferry are sacred Catholic sites in Korea. The name Jamdubong was given to this place because it resembles the head of a silkworm, which is what jamdu means in Korean.In 1966, the Korean Catholic Church built a church and a memorial hall in Jamdubong, making the areas around the church and hall a park. In the church and memorial hall, vestiges of many scholars related to the Catholic Church during the late Joseon Dynasty are displayed, such as Yi Byeok, Yi Ga-hwan, and Jeong Yak-yong.

Other monuments including the statues of Kim Dae-geon and Nam Jong-sam and the memorial tower stand in the park.

Located around Jamdubong Peak, Yanghwanaru Ferry was designated as a historical site, following Jamdubong Peak.

Though it has lost its original appearance, Yanghwanaru was a very crowded and prosperous center for water transport where grains were distributed, and a military base was located in the area during the Joseon Dynasty.

These valuable historic sites contain many periodic traces, showing many historic changes of the late Joseon period.

Address : 6, Tojeong-ro (Hapjeong-dong)


Site of Mangwonjeong Pavilion (Monument No. 9)

In 1424, Mangwonjeong Pavilion was built as a villa for Prince Hyoryeong. In 1425 when King Sejong the Great came to study the agricultural conditions, it rained at that time and the king saw that the rain got the field wet sufficiently, so he was very pleased and named the pavilion ‘Huiujeong’, which loosely means, the ‘pavilion of delightful rain’. In 1484, when the owner of the pavilion was changed to Prince Wolsan, the elder brother of King Seongjong, the prince restored and renamed the pavilion ‘Mangwonjeong’, roughly translating as the ‘pavilion that offers the clear view far and wide’.

Address : 23, Donggyo-ro 8an-gil (Hapjeong-dong)


Jeong Gu-jung’s House in Yonggang-dong (Folklore Cultural Heritage No. 17)

Jeong Gu-jung’s House with a land area of 796m2 and a building area of 234m2, which is believed to be built in the 1920s, represents the profound structure of the Korean traditional house (hanok) on a small site. The house consists of anchae (the inner house), sarangchae (a detached building used as a reception room for male guests) and haengnangchae (the servants’ quarters), and in particular, the room in the anchae is well-organized with various remnants of the modern time, including a folding screen, ceramics, and stationery chest. It is said that the house was built by Yi, a rich farmer who lived in Yonggang-dong during the late Korean Empire period, to give to his only daughter. Yi asked An Yeong-dal, who was one of the four best carpenters of the time, to construct the house. Regarding wooden materials, red pines and lacebark pine trees were transported from the Amnokgang River basin by boat, and were soaked in the Hangang River for two years, and then dried for a year in order to build the house, without using nails.

The house is now owed by a civilian and isn’t open to the public

Address : 22, Keunumul-ro 2-gil (Yonggang-dong)


Bamseom Bugundang Dodanggut (Tutelary Rite of Bamseom) (Intangible Cultural Heritage No. 35)


Bamseom Bugundang Dodanggut, a traditional ancestral ritual formality, is held by settlers from Bamseom and residents gathered together at Bugundang to pray for the village’s safety and prosperity to the tutelary deity. It is estimated that the ritual has been held since about 400 years ago. The residents say that Bamseom suffered great damage during the first bombardment of the Korean War that led to 53 deaths in the area, but thirteen households around Bugundang were undamaged. Thus, the residents believed that it was because Bugundang in Bamseom protected them. Since the bombardment in Bamseom, an ancestral ritual has been held in the current location on the second day of January of the lunar calendar at between 5:30 and 6:30pm. Some forty settlers from Bamseom hold this tutelary rite, wishing the New Year’s good harvest and fortune.

Date January 2 on the lunar calendar

Address : (Bugundang) : 145, Dongmak-ro


Painting Albums of the Uiryeong Nam Clan (Tangible Cultural Heritage No. 382)

The painting albums of the Uiryeong Nam Clan is a collection of five different painting albums – Taejomanguryeonggahaengdo, Jungmyojoseoyeongwansayeondo, Myeongmyojoseochongdaesiyedo, Seonmyojojejaegyeongsuyeondo, and Yeongmyojogugwoljinjakdo to commemorate the Uiryeong Nam Clan, which was involved with certain incidents and events that occurred during the reigns of King Taejo (r. 1392~1398) and King Jungjong (r. 1506~1544), of King Myeongjong (r. 1545~1567), of King Seonjo (r. 1567~1608), and of King Yeongjo (r. 1724~1776).

Although the exact time and period of each event participated in by Nam Jae, Nam Se-geon, Nam Eung-un, Nam Yi-sin, and Nam Tae-hoe are not identical to the publication times of those five painting albums, these painting albums, which still exist, depict the records and scenes of the events related to the Joseon royal families attended by the Uiryeong Nam Clan. They are considered valuable artifacts in terms of Korean painting history and history as they are the earliest painting albums compared to other similar examples.


King Gongmin's Shrine in Changjeon-dong, Seoul (Registered Cultural Heritage No. 231)

Located at San-2, Changjeon-dong, Seoul, the shrine holds a memorial service on October 1st of the lunar calendar every year. The shrine keeps portraits of King Gongmin, Queen Noguk, Prince, Princesses and General Choe Yeong. Gwangheungdang Hall erected in front of the shrine provides the public with local culture education programs.

Address : 13, Dongmak-ro 21-gil (Changjeon-dong)


Choi Kyu-hah's House in Seogyo-dong, Seoul (Registered Cultural Heritage No. 413)

This second-story building house built by the former president Choi Kyu-hah himself, was resided in by the former president and his family from when he was working as a diplomatic special adviser in 1973 to as the 12th prime minister in 1976, and also from his resignation from presidency (Aug. 16, 1980) due to the December 12th Coup to his death in 2006. The artifacts and remnants such as briquette boiler, white rubber shoes, some 30 year-old radio, 50 year-old electric fan, and recycled toothpicks remain, showing the former president’s simple and modest lifestyle. As the house displays various household items from the 1950s, it plays a role as a museum of Korean lifestyle.

Reservation: Application for a visit on the Seoul City’s official website (Reservation for Public Services)

Address : 10, Donggyo-ro 15-gil (Seogyo-dong)


Mimong(another name: lullaby for the death ) : Record Cultural Asset No. 342

This movie, created in 1937, is the movie director Yang Ju-nam's first movie and the sixth talking picture producted by the Gyeongsung studio. In 2005, Korean Film Archive got it with (Peninsula's spring) and from the film archive of China and reproduced it newly so that the movie came to go out into the world. Mun Ye-bong's debut appearance, who is the biggest star and the public actress of North Korea of the day, and the cityscape in Seoul appears as the visual pleasure. In spite of some flat characters without persuasion, the unexpected evolution of the drama, clumsy camera's angle and editing, there is a shot that when Aesun get angry at her husband so that she shakes the mirror reflecting him and it shows the cinematic grammar of the day, and the film makes it possible to take a peak in the discussion about the new woman and modernity in the colonial period through the character of Aesun(Mun Ye-bong), and is a valuable work in terms of the history of Korean film.


Free Hurrah : Record Cultural Asset No. 343

The movie is the director Che Yin-gyu‘s work and was producted by Koryo film in 1946. The director made his debut with the first movie, (1939) and directed a number of works including (1940), (1941),(1948) and (1948) and helped to produce outstanding directors. He has had a long and distinguished career in the Korean movie since the restoration of independence. The film is a real film drama which is created by Jun Chang-geun(scenario) and Han Hyeong-mo(shooting) with the director Che Yin-gyu right after Korea's liberation and it is meaningful that the movie was made of the material based on an anti-Japanese movement and independence. Plus, it has two types of visual qualities; one is a melodrama such as the relations between the hero Hang-jung and two women loving him and the other is action movie such as a running fight and gunfight with the Japanese military police. The features make it possible to see the early form of the action and melodrama in the history of Korean film. Therefore, this work is worthy of notice.


A public prosecutor and a woman teacher: Record Cultural Property No. 344

In 1948, the work, which is created by Kim Young-sun production and directed by Yun Dae-yong, is a silent film, and It is familiar with us thanks to Sin Chul's performance, known as the last movie talker. Considering that a talking picture was already popularized at the time the film was produced, the movie is very suggestive because old-fashioned production and showing style rather enhanced the value of this film. As the viewpoints say, "a silent movie with 16mm film interpreter" , "the last movie talker's screening work", and " original form of tearjerker" , it is worth noticing for the only silent movie in Korea. The story is that a teacher (Yee Young-ae), who is sent to the Public Prosecutory Office for murder, is found innocent and acquitted by the prosecutor, who was looked after by her during his term of elementary school. The work was played in the several theaters with Sin Chul's performance in the late of 1990, and was introduced as a movie talker form of the day in FIAF Seoul Assembly Symposium (World Film Archive Association) of 2002.

Thus, the movie is well worth enough within the framework of the Korean film history.


Home in Heart: Record Cultural Property No. 345

The film, which was produced by Doseo film corporation in 1949,an adaptation of the 『Young Monk』, a drama written by the playwriter Ham Se-deok and is the first work of the director Yun Yong-gyu. The daily life of the three generations including a head priest, young monk, and child monk is opened, and the mind of a boy missing his mother is well expressed in a quiet tone to the exclusion of the melodramatic emotion.

The director Han Hyeong-mo‘s filming technique, which catched the beautiful scenery of a mountain temple with long shot.was given a favorable reception. The scenes of youngster monk's dearest wish to meet the mother and his mother's visit of past are represented through a dream, and this forms of expression compressing a story and image helps the director's efforts to look better. It is very interesting to see the early public appearance of the actress Che Eun-hui, who played a role of young widow taking care of a boy. The work excels in the shooting skill and dramatic interpretation. Furthermore, the movie was awarded a prize in cinema field at the first cultural award ceremony of Seoul.


Piagol : Record Cultural Property No.346

The film, created by Bekho production, is the director Lee Gang-cheon's work. The story is based on the lives of a force, one of a few partisan corpse, under the command of a captain, who is called 'Agari, or mouth' (Lee Ye-chun). In those days partisans were described as an anonymous villain or murder without any emotion in the newspaper or the record movie. Instead, the movie described the partisans as characters who have their particular personality, and it was criticized by the press and government for " It is too realistic and humanistic". Since then, playing of the film was prohibited on the ground that it broken an anti-communist law. The staff and actors said that they sensed that their life was in danger while producing the film because the partisans still remained in Mt.Jiri. The work is valued as a model of anticommunist humanism film, and Lee Gang-cheon won the first Gold Dragon for the best director in 1956.


Free Woman :Record Cultural Property No.347

This, producted by Samsung Picture company in 1956, is the director Han Hyeong-mo's work, and it is to make a novel of the writer Jeong Bi-seok 's 「Fee Woman」, which was published serially over 259 times in the Seoul newspapers in 1954, and it is based on the entry of women in public affairs under sudden changes such as modernism, capitalism and the inflow of Western culture after the restoration of independence. The film described such social changes as a life of luxury, indiscriminate westernization and sexual dissoluteness at the same time as the objects to punishment. What a moving shot with crane and mobile car is used is very worthy in terms of the history of the Korean film technology. The best stuff in a character's speeches , " Whatever it is, give me the best stuff.", or" Is this the finest stuff?", was the world everybody's lip, and the movie broken Sudo cinema the first box-office record ,drawing audiences totalling10,8000 people in 1756. The work had stirred up a debate with the sensational scenes such as a kiss, sexual relationship, and a university professor's wife having with an affair with a young man in Korean society. Since that, several sequels and remake were once made. Thus, this film is valued as the work in the best news in the Korean film history.


A Wedding Day (another name: Manginsa family's happy event ) : Record Cultural Property No. 348

A Movie by Lee Byung- il from Dongah Movies Co. Ltd., is dramatized from the play 「A happy Day of Jinsa Maeng」by Oh Young Jin 1956. Following is the storyline: Jinsa Maeng has a daughter and happy about the wedding plan because his daughter is going to marry to a son of minister. But he was stunned hearing the rumor the minister's son is crippled. He decided to disguise daughter's maid and have her marry the crippled minister's son. On the wedding day, minister's son showed up to be a fine healthy man and Jinsa Maeng regrets it badly. The movie is a comic movie that was strange to the audiences that time and earned a great assessment from the audiences and critics becoming the basis for the continuation of comic movie in Korea. It is very distinguished that the laughter we burst at this movie is not derived from slapstick comedies but from folk dramatic colors of irony and satire. Acting of Kim Seungh who played Jinsa Maeng, the one who falls into his own trap gives us a big laughter. The position of this film, first winner of international award (Special Drama award from Asian Film Festival), even though it was not in the main field of the Awards, has opened a great possibility itself to moviemen with sincerer complex against the movie industry of advanced countries. Since then Korean Film market was activated that lots of masterpieces expanded their business into international markets and were sent to the leading Film Festivals in Venice, Berlin, Cannes in early 60's. It has become the beginning of Global Expansion of Korean Movies


Cheongchunui sipjaro (Turning Point of the Youngsters) (Registered Cultural Heritage No. 488)

As the oldest existing film in Korea, it is an important piece of work that provides invaluable insights on how young people lived in Seoul during the early 1930s (1933-1934).

Address : 400, World Cup buk-ro (Sangam-dong)


Gungmun jeongni (Research Report on Korean Grammar) (Registered Cultural Heritage No. 528-1)

As the first ever Korean grammar book, Gungmun jeongni holds immense value because it was published in the period when it was difficult to propose reasonable suggestions for improvement for an exclusive use of Hangeul (Korean alphabet) and proper studies on Korean grammar.

Address : 35, Baekbeom-ro (Sinsu-dong)


Gwangheungdang (Facility related with King Gongmin’s Shrine)

Gwangheungdang provides diverse programs to make people aware of the importance of traditional culture, and operates educational programs for the youth as well as excavations and exhibitions of folk historical records.

On Daeboreum, the day of the first full moon of the lunar year, it organizes various traditional activities including traditional games performed on Daeboreum, kite-flying, jisinbapgi (treading the god of the earth), mock fight with stone missiles, and the competition of the game of yut that represent our ancestors’ customs and lifestyle before the modern times. During the Coming-of-Age Day in Korea (May 18), it holds a variety of events including gugak (Korean classical music) event, Mapo Gugak Ullim Performance as well as the traditional coming-of-age ceremony.

Address : 15, Dongmak-ro 21-gil, Mapo-gu, Seoul